Modafinil is an oral drug which is used for the purpose of improving the sleeping patterns in patients who are suffering from the problem of excessive sleepiness. It is beneficial for the people to keep them awake during their work hours, especially for those whose work hours interfere with their sleeping hours.
The mechanism of Modafinil is essentially not known. It is believed that it might help in accumulating the quantity of dopamine in the human brain which is thought to affect the sleep cycle. However, this drug should not be used to get rid of tiredness or holding off the sleep in such people who are not suffering from any sleep disorder.
First of all, the dosage of the Modafinil depends largely upon the medical condition of the user. A person should read the medication guide which exists with the medication drug. If still, any ambiguity remains, then the user should approach his or her doctor.
In order to get the best results, this medication should be used regularly or else a sudden pause can result in various withdrawal symptoms like nausea, sweating, shaking and vomiting. For obstructive sleep apnea, Modafinil should be taken by mouth either with or without food once a day.
On the other hand, for narcolepsy, the user may use it twice a day. Moreover, for those suffering from shift work sleep disorder, this medication should be used once a day an hour before the work hours. As a standard dosage, it is said that a dose of 200mg should be should daily and it should not cross 400mg.
Although there are no serious side effects of Modafinil, yet it is believed that prolonged usage of this medication may cause addiction. Hence, Modafinil should be used exactly as prescribed in order to lower the addiction. An allergic reaction, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, etc. are very rare, however, in case of their occurrence, the person should immediately contact his doctor.
Still, there are thoughts that Modafinil may accelerate or reduce the activity of enzymes in the human liver, thus resulting in the decreased effectiveness of other drugs. Moreover, the effect of alcohol on the medication has not yet been calculated. In order to keep oneself safe, use of alcohol should be avoided along with Modafinil.
Modafinil is legal in countries like the US, UK, Canada, and Australia. At present, Modafinil is categorized as a Schedule IV controlled substance in the US federal law. It is considered illegal to import the medication by other than the DEA-registered importer except with a prescription. In the United Kingdom, Modafinil is a prescription only medication. It is sold worldwide under brand names like Provigil, Alertex, Porcelain, etc. but the brand Provigil attains the utmost highlight.
Overall, Modafinil is considered to be the first smart drug which not only enhances the cognition but is deemed safe by the health officials. However, this medication should not be shared with others, and if a person suspects its overdose, he should immediately contact the emergency room or the poison control center.
Now you would know what is Modafinil, its dosage, side effects, and legality. Still, the research is being carried out on it and is expected to find more usage in the near future.